Following are some examples of words or phrases formed from the verb roots ‘a’ (to come), ‘dii’ (to eat) and ‘mii’ (to do). Hope you will familiarized with how verb roots are variously arranged with marker to form words or phrases. (You can replace these verbs by another verbs/ verb roots (from the list of common verbs/ verb roots) and try to relate the meaning of the words or phrases formed with those in the list.)
to come together, come along. Usage: Tallo, Tapu nyi a’ba siima ne.[Tallo and Tapu did not come together.].
a’ba gii (-to, lya, yo, ma, do etc)
bring or cause someone to come along. Usage: Picnic ho ajin ako a’ba giilya. [Bring one friend with you in the picnic.].
come together. Usage: Ngiinyi a’ba sii. [We (two of us) come together.].
1) come together. 2) coming together.
1) do not come together. 2) not coming together.
Tado: No a’da diima. [I swear you came to school.]
would not come. Usage: Chobin siilo a’dii ma. [Chobin would not come today]
would not come (with more certainty). Usage: Mo a’dii make. [He would not come].
1) have/has come. Usage: Tacho a’do ha?[Has Tacho come? 2) is/are coming. Usage: Tacho insi a’do. [Tacho is coming there.]
if (someone) come. Usage: Mo a’do koda ngo lu’ko kendo.[If he comes then I would tell.].
to come frequently.
do not come frequently.
did not come frequently.
did not come frequently (use by first person).
1) come earlier than other. Usage: Ngo mo mi a’go yato. [I came earlier than him]. 2) turn to come. Usage: A’go biila a’to. [Come in turn.]. 3) task of coming.
compete to reach or come. Usage: Ngiinyi a’go-a’lo a’ka siisa. [Let us (two of us) see who come earlier].
came earlier. Usage: Ropo, Omo nyi a’go-a’lo a’ka siito la Omo a’go biine.[Ropo and Omo compete to see who come earlier and Omo came earlier than Ropo.].
come earliest. Usage: Tamo a’go japa a’ne. [Tamo came earliest.].
do not come earlier.
did not come earlier. Usage: No ngiimi a’go mane. [You did not come earlier (than me)].
a’go yabii ne
came earlier than other. Usage: Richo, Taka mi a’go yabii ne. [Richo came earlier than Taka.].
not come earlier than other.
do not come earlier than someone. Usage: Tamo, Pussang mi a’pyo kiine to. No a’go yo. [Tamo let Pussang come first. Don't come earlier than him].
come to somewhere frequently (almost arousing doubt or annoyance to others). Usage: No so a’ha siidii tabyo ha.
not easy to come. Usage: Nunu lembo si jebi adin doto la ano a’ha-a’kha do. [Your road is muddy and not easy to come.].
finish coming (all those who have to come have come and no one is left). Usage: Hime atan class ho a’ja doku ha? [Have all the children come into the class?].
cost or benefit of coming. Usage: Meeting ho a’jo nyikin make amin loka. [It's no use coming to the meeting].
try to come, come and see
trying to come
do not try to come or never come. Usage: Tamo ngiika ude ho a’ka ma. [Tamo never come to my house.].
did not try to come.
Usage: Onya : Ude ho mi a’ka masu ne ha?[Did someone come to my house?]
would not try come or would not come.
tried to come or came and left.
let us try to come or enter, let us come/go and see. Usage: inka dukan ho a’ka sa.[Lets enter into that shop. Or Let’s go and see that shop.]
try to come, come over. Usage: So oye a’ka to.[Come over here once.].
to come (take long time).
coming (since long time ago).
came (use in direct speech with certainty) syn. a’ne, a’ne ke
1. to show how to come. Usage: mo mi oye a’kin to. [Show him once how to come.]. 2. will/shall come
1. showing how to come 2. shall come Usage: Arda Ziro ho Governor a’kin do.[Tomorrow Governor will come to Ziro].
because of showing someone how to come.
What if (someone) come. Usage: Ngo a’ko dano?[What if I come?].
due to coming (of someone).
1. has/have (already)come 2. to come from or through wrong direction
would not come/return.
have not come(return), have not come(return) yet. Syn: a’ku maran.
a’ku mane ran
had not come/ return yet.
have not come(return) yet. Usage:
coming (in process). Usage:
still coming (on the way).
can / able to come. Usage: Narun giibo la balu ho a’laa kendo ha? [Can you come into garden by moving across the fence?].
can come, able to come, can come. Syn: a’laa kendo.
not able to come, cannot come. Usage: Ngiikii arda ngoya in’go ako do hopa school a’laa kenma. [I have to go somewhere tomorrow so I cannot come to school.].
1) have/has not come. 2) not coming.
have/has not come
did not come.
has not come yet.
let us not come.
let us not come (request). Usage: Siilo school a’ma saka, teacher abuya hii a’kin make.[Let's not come to school today, most teachers will not come to school.].
don't come (as coming is useless). Usage: Siilo school a’min loka. [Don't come to school today (it's useless).].
came (second and third person).
have / has come/ returned.
one who come.
state of coming.
to come (into or in front or out in open).
avoid to come out (in front or in open).
not come out (in front or in open).
come (in front or in open).
easy to come, feel free to come or comfortabe to come.
is easy to come.
is not easy to come.
was easy to come.
to come first.
1) has come first. 2) is coming first.
a’pyoh la do
coming first (continue to).
can come first
has/have not come first.
came first/ earlier.
let us come first/earlier.
come first / earlier.
coming first or earlier than someone.
1) do not come first or earlier than someone. 2) not coming first or earlier than someone.
do not come first.
let us come.
let us come(request).
1) had come. 2) to complete coming.
coming (of something) has completed.
had come [affirmative].
coming (of something) had completed.
1) came. Usage: Ngo meeting ho a’to. [I came to the meeting]. 2) come. Usage: So a’to. [Come here].
do come. Usage: So a’to tiika.[Do come over here.].
to pay visit.
(use to) pay visit.
(use to) pay visit.
did (used to) pay visit.
do pay visit.
v. to eat.
eat together or eat with other.
not eating together.
Usage: No dii’da diima. [I swear you eat.].
would not eat.
if (someone) eat.
voracious eater/ eat voraciously.
don't eat voraciously.
did not eat voraciosly.
did not (use to) eat voraciously or was not a voracious eater. Usage: Ngo apin dii’ga mato. [I did not use to eat meal voraciously. Or, I was not a voracious eater.].
did eat voraciously.
do eat voraciously or be a voracious eater.
1) ones turn to eat or ones share (to eat). 2) food, thing to eat.
eat earlier, eat first
compete to finish the food.
n. food, thing to eat.
ate earlier (compare to someone).
eat earliest (compare to others).
not good to eat.
finish food (by eating).
reward for or benefit of eating.
dii’jjo (also dii’joh)
keep eating as one move.
to have a taste or try to eat.
having a taste or eating something (as a test or trial).
do not eat
did not eat
non edible, things not eaten
something which are not to be eaten
not eat yet
let’s not eat
did not eat
n. eater, one who eat.
1. what one eat, 2. state of eating
good to eat, tasty
to eat first.
dii’pyoh la do
is eating first (continue).
not eating first.
let's eat first or earlier than some other.
one who eat earlier.
not eating earlier
don't eat first.
1) n. edible, substance that can be used as food. 2) — adj. suitable for use as food.
dii’sii niin (also dii’sa niin)
1) substance that is being eaten, food, eatables. 2) substance that can be use as food.
go and eat, eat out.
1) had eaten. 2) to complete eating.
to do (work, cook, construct, etc ).
if someone does something. Usage: No siisi home work mii’do koda, siilyin da Indian Idol ka’laa kendo.[If you do home work now, you can watch Indian Idol in the evening.].
1) do (also work, construct etc as indicated by the object). Usage:
n. work, task.
1. to show how to do 2. shall do, ought to do
1. showing how to do. 2. shall do, ought to do
because of showing someone how to do.
has/have not done. Usage: Ama apin mii’ma ran. [Mother has not cooked the meal yet.].
due to or because of not doing
has not done yet.
let us not do.
did. Usage: Mo simi mii’ne. [He did it.].
doer, one who does.
1. what one has done. 2. state of doing something
let us do.
1) task or work one has to do, thing one has to do. 2) what one ought to do.
mii’sii niin (also miisa niin)
thing one ought to do.
1) had done. 2) to complete.
had already done.
1) do. Usage: No simi mii’to. [You do it.]. 2) did. Usage: Ngo simi mii’to. [I did it.].
have done. Usage: Ngo ngiika home work mi siisi da mii’to ku.[I have done my home work just now.].
don't do Usage: Apin mii’yo, piijo da ngunu restaurant ho dii’te sa. [Don't cook meal, later on we shall eat out at a restaurant].